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Population: Australian migration

Australian migration

Overseas migration data show the net gain or loss of population through immigration.

Net overseas migration as well as international arrivals and departures by major groupings and visa type are reported in the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS) publication Overseas Migration. Quarterly statistics on overseas migration, arrivals and departures are compiled mainly using information from the Australian Government Department of Home Affairs. A person is considered to be a usual resident of Australia if they have been (or expect to be) residing in Australia for a period of 12 months or more (does not have to be continuous) over a 16 month period. Prior to 1 July, 2006, a person was considered to be a usual resident if they resided in Australia for a continuous period of 12 out of 12 months.

Note that data presented in this dashboard for Net overseas migration are population estimates by country of birth. Data presented for overseas migrant Arrivals and Departures are population estimates by visa type and by country of citizenship.

Related annual migration data from the ABS publication National, State and Territory Population are used in the following dashboard menu option: Australian population.

See ABS – Overseas Migration ( for further information, including in-depth commentary and analysis, in particular the source data Quality Declaration. Source reference Time series spreadsheets, 1. Net overseas migration by country of birth, state/territory - financial years, 2004-05 to 2021-22, tables 1.1–1.9; 2. Overseas migrant arrivals and departures by visa groupings, state/territory - financial years, 2004-05 to 2021-22, tables 2.1–2.9.